Download PDF by Ingmar Pörn (auth.): Action Theory and Social Science: Some Formal Models

By Ingmar Pörn (auth.)

ISBN-10: 9401012687

ISBN-13: 9789401012683

ISBN-10: 9401012709

ISBN-13: 9789401012706

This ebook is meant as a contribution to the principles of the sciences of guy, in particular the social sciences. it's been argued with expanding frequency lately that the vocabulary of social technological know-how is to a wide volume an motion vocabulary and that any try and systematize options and determine bases for figuring out within the box can't, as a result, be successful except it truly is firmly outfitted on motion conception. i feel that those claims are sub­ stantially right, yet even as it sort of feels to me that motion thought, because it is suitable to social technological know-how, nonetheless awaits very important contributions from common sense and philosophy. for instance, it has usually been stated, rightly i think, that situa­ tions during which or extra brokers have interaction represent the subject-matter of social technological know-how. yet have we acquired an motion concept that is wealthy sufficient or com­ prehensive sufficient to permit us to represent the interplay scenario? i believe no longer. after we have this sort of thought, besides the fact that, we should always have the capacity to provide a correct account of imperative social phenomena and to articulate our concep­ tions concerning the nature of social truth. The conceptual scheme complicated during this ebook is composed, within the first example, of ideas to a couple of characterization difficulties, i. e. difficulties that could be expressed by way of questions of the shape "What is the character of . . .

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Example text

A notion of setting oneself to do is used frequently in von Wright (1971, esp. Chapter 3), to indicate that 'behavior has been initiated' (p. 96). ) If a sets himself or has set himself to bring it about that q on the condition that p, and this condition is (believed by a to be) fulfllled, then we shall say that a brings it about that q on the ground that p. Deciding to do and setting oneself to do are structurally similar but materially dissimilar actions, and acting on some ground is obviously different from having an intention on some ground.

In either case a belief is acquired by the agent making the decision. However, in the concept of the will one might also include the power by which the mind directs or controls the performance of an act when the act is done in the light of certain beliefs. e. the belief that the act shall be done on a condition and the belief that this condition is fulfllied. Deciding to act and setting oneself to act are actions of type volition. The ground of an action may be a belief of any of a number of different kinds.

Shall) should be understood, not as a logical truth, but as a principle of another sort. What sort? Shall). In other words, the agent believes that if q is a necessary means to p and p is a task in the set concerned, then the task q is also in the set. When structured in this way the set may be said to constitute a project according to the agent and depending on whether his belief is true or false the project may be said to be or not to be well-ordered. Not every set of tasks constitutes a project, and not every project is wellordered.

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Action Theory and Social Science: Some Formal Models by Ingmar Pörn (auth.)

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