By E. E. Rice
King Alexander III 'the Great' of Macedon used to be one of many maximum army commanders the realm has ever identified. This ebook seeks to dispel the various myths that have grown up round him and to supply an updated account of his existence. This comprises the Macedonian heritage and Alexander's early years, his campaigns in Thrace and Illyria and the destruction of Thebes, the invasion of the Persian Empire and the battles which resulted in its conquest, his expeditions to India and at last his demise in Babylon. Dr Rice additionally assesses Alexander's character, and gives a precis of his legacy to the western international.
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The following year at the seminary was crucial in Stalin’s pilgrimage from populism to Marxism. The most revealing document tracing the evolution of his political thinking during 1897–8 is an unpublished memoir by his younger friend and comrade G. I. Elisabedashvili. Having returned to Gori in June 1898 during the summer holidays, as was his custom, Stalin volunteered to help prepare Elisabedashvili for his exams. When asked how he had arrived at his views on social injustice and the liberation of workers and peasants, Stalin replied that in his youth he had read many books.
In 1882 a group of seminarists formed a populist revolutionary circle around Gola Chitadze that included several future leaders of Georgian social democracy such as Isidor Ramishvili and Noi Zhordania (subsequently Stalin’s great rivals in the Menshevik wing of the Georgian party), Filipp Makharadze and M. Tskhakaia, the future Bolsheviks. In 1885 a student expelled for revolutionary activity, Silvester Dzhibladze, struck the rector in the face. A year later another expelled student assassinated the same rector.
See also her ‘Politics as Practice. Thoughts on a New Soviet Political History’, Kritika 1 (2004), 27–54. 2 Stalin as Georgian: the formative years Alfred J. ’ A Georgian Proverb. ’ A Persian Proverb Stalin and his enemies appeared to agree about one source of his identity as a political man. 1 Although they employed the term Asiatic to mean different things, their point of reference was the same. Stalin was born, raised, educated, and initiated as a revolutionary in a borderland of the Russian Empire that shared a common history and a long frontier with the Islamic Middle East.
Alexander the Great by E. E. Rice