By Lyne Bansat-Boudon
The Paramārthasāra, or ‘Essence of final Reality’, is a piece of the Kashmirian polymath Abhinavagupta (tenth–eleventh centuries). it's a short treatise within which the writer outlines the doctrine of which he's a outstanding exponent, specifically nondualistic Śaivism, which he designates in his works because the Trika, or ‘Triad’ of 3 ideas: Śiva, Śakti and the embodied soul (nara).
The major curiosity of the Paramārthasāra is not just that it serves as an advent to the confirmed doctrine of a practice, but in addition advances the concept of jiv̄anmukti, ‘liberation during this life’, as its center subject matter. extra, it doesn't confine itself to an exposition of the doctrine as such yet now and then tricks at a moment feel mendacity underneath the glaring feel, particularly esoteric ideas and practices which are on the middle of the philosophical discourse. Its commentator, Yogarāja (eleventh century), excels in detecting and clarifying these a number of degrees of that means. An advent to Tantric Philosophy provides, in addition to a severely revised Sanskrit textual content, the 1st annotated English translation of either Abhinavagupta’s Paramārthasāra and Yogarāja’s commentary.
This e-book can be of curiosity to Indologists, in addition to to experts and scholars of faith, Tantric reviews and Philosophy.
Read or Download An Introduction to Tantric Philosophy: The Paramārthasāra of Abhinavagupta with the Commentary of Yogarāja PDF
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Extra resources for An Introduction to Tantric Philosophy: The Paramārthasāra of Abhinavagupta with the Commentary of Yogarāja
RaffaeleTorella has kindly referred me to the epic usage of jivanmuktat or rather jiv a n ... muktah, to which Prof. Minoru Hara has devoted an article (1996). It is to be noted, however, that in the Epic the term does not occur as such, but rather as variations on a stock phrase, usually (in the MBh) in the neg ative: na me jivan vimoksyase, ‘You will not escape from me alive’, a phrase which expresses only the hero’s determination not (na) to let his foe escape (muktah) alive (jivan) from the battle.
At the heart of the doctrine, as we have seen, is the notion of jivanmukti, ‘liberation [from life] while one yet lives’, the oxymoron par excellence — and scandalous as well for ordinary reasonable men, concerned, as all men should be, with executing their religious and ethical duties. The numerous objections to the notion point to that scandal, objections for the most part implicit in the texts themselves, but which the commentators delight in bringing out. The challenge that jivanmukti represents as well for the Paramarthasara itself can be ascertained subliminally in the polysemy of the work’s title, where paramartha signifies not only ‘ultimate (parama) reality (or truth, artha)\ but (as the commentary to v.
4), which comprehend the multiplicity of worlds and fi nite creatures; reaffirmation of nondualism: the pasu is none other than Siva incarnate, who assumes as actor the infinity of roles in terms of which the theater of the world is characterized (5); series of examples (6-9, 12-13); doctrine o f ‘reflection’ (pratibimba; 12-13) and the related doctrine of ‘difference-and-non-difference’ (bhedâbheda). Yogaraja intro duces (ad 9) for the first time the figure of the jivanmukta, which he reads allusively in the notion of grace there set forth.
An Introduction to Tantric Philosophy: The Paramārthasāra of Abhinavagupta with the Commentary of Yogarāja by Lyne Bansat-Boudon