By Bankimcandra Chatterji, Julius J. Lipner
It is a translation of a traditionally vital Bengali novel. released in 1882, Chatterji's Anandamath helped create the ambience and the symbolism for the nationalist move resulting in Indian independence in 1947. It comprises the well-known hymn Vande Mataram ("I revere the Mother"), which has develop into India's authentic nationwide music. Set in Bengal on the time of the famine of 1770, the unconventional displays tensions and oppositions inside Indian tradition among Hindus and Muslims, ruler and governed, indigenous humans and international overlords, jungle and city, Aryan and non-Aryan, celibacy and sexuality. it's either a political and a non secular paintings. by way of recreating the prior of Bengal, Chatterji was hoping to create a brand new current that concerned a brand new interpretation of the previous. Julius Lipner not just presents the 1st whole and passable English translation of this crucial paintings, yet offers an intensive advent contextualizing the unconventional and its cultural and political heritage. additionally integrated are notes delivering the Bengali or Sanskrit phrases for definite phrases, in addition to explanatory notes for the really good lay reader or pupil.
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Extra info for Anandamath, or The Sacred Brotherhood
T]hey formed themselves into bands of so-called houseless devotees [note: Sanyassis], and roved about the country in armies ﬁfty thousand strong. “A set of lawless banditti,” wrote the Council in 1773, “known under the name of Sanyasis or Faquirs, have long infested these countries; and, under pretence of religious pilgrimage, have been accustomed to traverse the chief part of Bengal, begging, stealing, and plundering. . ”. In the years subsequent to the famine, their ranks were swollen by a crowd of starving peasants .
Eroticism in the popular (Hindu) Bengali imagination has a distinct function. It is not meant only to titillate—it can do this, of course—but it is also a telling symbol of potentially socially transgressive relationships that instruct, caution and, on occasion, effectively transform. 26 The characteristics of Tantra on a popular level are devotion to the Goddess, speciﬁcally in terms of her power or shakti (s´akti) discernible, not least sexually, in women, and a discipline (sa¯dhana¯) to express this devotion by seeking to identify with the Goddess and express her shakti in some way in one’s life.
Needless to say, his mind was inspired (anupra¯nﬁ ita) primarily by English education. The stimulus (prarocana¯) he derived from English literary prose he sought ﬁrst to shape in terms of the English tongue. But it didn’t take him long to realise the futility of this attempt. Nevertheless, in so far as he derived real cultural value from foreign education, it was able to draw him, in his search for his own fulﬁllment, towards his native tongue. Just as the cascading stream of a distant mountaintop, when it leaves its stony bosom and ﬂows through inhabited places makes the ﬁelds surrounding its banks fruitful with crops and fruits derived from their own soil, so Bankimcandra made the new teaching fruitful by the gift he bestowed through the nature of his own language.
Anandamath, or The Sacred Brotherhood by Bankimcandra Chatterji, Julius J. Lipner