Download e-book for iPad: Ataturk: The Biography of the founder of Modern Turkey by Andrew Mango

By Andrew Mango

During this significant new biography of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, and the 1st to seem in English according to Turkish assets, Andrew Mango strips away the parable, to teach the complexities of 1 of the main visionary, influential, and enigmatic statesmen of the century. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk used to be nearly unknown until eventually 1919, while he took the lead in thwarting the triumphant Allies' plan to partition the Turkish center of the Ottoman Empire. He divided the Allies, defeated the final Sultan, and secured the territory of the Turkish nationwide country, changing into the 1st president of the hot republic in 1923, quickly growing his personal legend.

Andrew Mango's revealing portrait of Atatürk throws mild on issues of serious value today-resurgent nationalism, non secular fundamentalism, and the truth of democracy.

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It was a dogma avoided by virtually all successful national liberation or revolutionary movements and embraced by scores of failed ones. Violence justified as the highest value would become an end in itself whose primacy and justification would dominate the movement, crowding out diplomacy and delegitimizing compromise. Carrying out attacks on Israel was seen as a triumph in itself rather than being assessed on the basis of whether they were leading to some well-defined objective. The chance and imminence of victory was constantly overestimated.

Abu Jihad and his family moved there to open a Palestinian office in 1963. 74 But Arafat made a serious error by seeing a parallel between his struggle and the Algerian war. Israel did not have a mother country that would end its existence by withdrawing support. Moreover, Israeli Jews were a majority not a minority, and they had no interest in "returning" to some other place. Arafat could never shake his view that terrorism would be an effective tool against an "artificial" state even though it was disproven by experience time after time over the next forty years, a period many times greater than the Algerians had needed to win their revolution.

Am I in a position to reject the participation or assistance of any man? Can I be asked, for example, to refuse the financial aid of Saudi Arabia with the claim that it belongs to the right? After all, it is with the Saudis' money that I buy arms from China. Are you demanding that I already define the type of government that will rule Palestine after its liberation? If I did so, I could be compared to the man who sells the bear's hide before hunting it down. Must I publish a public statement to proclaim my belief in Marxism?

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Ataturk: The Biography of the founder of Modern Turkey by Andrew Mango

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