By Patricia Spallone
International in scope, this publication is a feminist reaction to the recent reproductive applied sciences and the genetic engineering getting used on women--test-tube fertilization, surrogacy, embryo flushing, intercourse preselection, and synthetic hormones. it really is occupied with what those strategies suggest for ladies and with the responsibility of the scientific scientists who've created the know-how. Spallone argues that the result's the subordination of girls to the pursuits of scientific scientists, inhabitants planners, the relatives, and the burgeoning biotechnology undefined. The e-book should be of compelling curiosity to we all who're looking a technology and expertise that respects the honor of girls and of all lifestyles on our planet.
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Extra info for Beyond Conception: The New Politics of Reproduction
If the CVS method becomes widely accepted in Britain, the RCOG can readapt the meaning of viability without consideration of the time gap presented by amniocentesis. Further into the future, there is the implication of the artificial womb. Robert Edwards pointed out in 1974 that almost one-half of pregnancy can be maintained outside the women's body, since IVF embryos could be kept alive for six days, mid-term abortuses can be maintained under laboratory conditions for a few hours or days, and premature human babies can be 'incubated' from twenty-four weeks (Edwards, 1974, p.
X-xi). IVF scientists seem to have it both ways: scientific knowledge is neutral (never bad), and science is positively good (never bad). By the science-is-neutral argument, science and technology remains 'technical' and value-free. Robert Edwards was quoted in the press as saying, 'Science is being attacked unfairly, because science is neutral' (Prentice, 1984). By this rationale IVF does not in itself harm women; rather using it in the 'wrong' way harms women. It is a baldly naive argument, masking the physical risks to women of IVF, and its emotional and social costs.
Scientists' defence of IVF must fit into the terms of the dominant, age-old ethical debate about embryos and reproduction. And that means coming to terms with the moral status of embryos/fetuses. From the beginning ofthe 'public' debate on the NRTs, medical scientists and the scientific establishment adapted the 'status of the embryo' to fit into the scientific context. It was necessary to deal with higher authorities such as government inquiries on their own moral terms. Further, the understanding that life-is-a-continuum, when based on scientific knowledge, is so rarefied a concept that antiabortionists can easily adapt the 'biological evidence' that life-is-a-continuum to argue against IVF/'human embryo' research, as did Stephen Browne in the British Medical Journal (1982).
Beyond Conception: The New Politics of Reproduction by Patricia Spallone