By Sir Monier Monier-Williams
This e-book derives from a sequence of lectures given in 1888 via Monier Monier-Williams, who was once Professor of Sanskrit at Oxford for over 30 years and whose paintings broke new floor within the Western figuring out of Buddhism and different South Asian religions. This large old survey of Buddhism starts off with an account of the Buddha and his earliest instructing, in addition to a short description of the beginning and composition of the scriptures containing the Buddha's legislations (Dharma). Monier-Williams explains the early structure of the Buddha's order of clergymen (Sangha), and descriptions the philosophical doctrines of Buddhism including its code of morality and concept of perfection, culminating in Nirvana. He additionally describes formal and well known rituals and practices, and sacred locations and gadgets. The publication is an instance of Victorian Orientalist scholarship which continues to be of curiosity to historians of non secular experiences, Orientalism, and the British Empire.
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Additional info for Buddhism: In its Connexion with Brahmanism and Hinduism and in its Contrast with Christianity
Such unorthodox persons may be described as sectarians or dissenters. That is to say, they dissent from the orthodox pantheistic doctrine that all gods and men, all divine and human souls, and all material appearances are mere illusory manifestations of one impersonal spiritual Entity—called Atman or Purusha or Brahman—and they believe in one supreme personal god—either Siva or Vishnu or Krishna or Eama— who is not liable (as orthodox Brahmans say he is) to lose his personality by subjection to the universal law of dissolution and re-absorption into the one eternal impersonal Essence, but exists in a heaven of his own, to the bliss of which his worshippers are admitted ] .
LECTURE XVIII. BUDDHISM CONTRASTED WITH CHRISTIANITY. PAGE True Buddhism is no religion. ' Four characteristics constitute a religion. Gautama's claim to be called 'the Light of Asia' examined. The Buddha's and Christ's first call to their disciples. The Christian's reverence for the body contrasted with the Buddhist's contempt for the body. Doctrine of storing up merit illustrated, and shown to be common to Buddhism, Brahmanism, Hinduism, Confucianism, Zoroastrianism, and Muhammadanism. Doctrine of Karma or Act-force.
BUDDHISM CONTRASTED WITH CHRISTIANITY. PAGE True Buddhism is no religion. ' Four characteristics constitute a religion. Gautama's claim to be called 'the Light of Asia' examined. The Buddha's and Christ's first call to their disciples. The Christian's reverence for the body contrasted with the Buddhist's contempt for the body. Doctrine of storing up merit illustrated, and shown to be common to Buddhism, Brahmanism, Hinduism, Confucianism, Zoroastrianism, and Muhammadanism. Doctrine of Karma or Act-force.
Buddhism: In its Connexion with Brahmanism and Hinduism and in its Contrast with Christianity by Sir Monier Monier-Williams